National Burn Prevention Day
#1 Thing You can do to protect yourself:
Assure you have working smoke alarms.
People die in home fires. Many of these people die in homes that do not have working smoke alarms. Smoke alarms warn you and your family when there is a fire. Smoke is a deadly mix of particles and gas that is created when materials are on fire. Smoke alarms warn you there is a fire before you see, hear or smell it. Smoke alarms give you extra time to escape. Put working smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas. For the best protection, have interconnected smoke alarms. If one alarm sounds, they all sound. Test your smoke alarms to make sure everyone in the home can hear them, even when they are asleep. Test each alarm every month using the test button. Dust or vacuum your smoke alarms each year when you change the battery.
Most victims of fires die from smoke or toxic gases, not from burns.
If You Are Trapped in a Burning Building:
• Smoke rises, so crawl low to the ground, where the air will be cleanest.
• Get out quickly if it is safe to leave. Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth (moist if possible).
• Test doorknobs and spaces around doors with the back of your hand. If the door is warm, try another escape route. If it’s cool, open it slowly. Slam it shut if smoke pours through.
• Use the stairs, never use an elevator durjng a fire.
• Call the fire department (9-11) for assistance if you are trapped. If you cannot get to a phone, yell for help out the window. Wave or hang a sheet or other large object to attract attention.
• Close as many doors as possible between yourself and the fire. Seal your door with rags. Open windows slightly at the top and bottom, but close them if smoke comes in.
#2 Thing You can do to protect yourself:
Get a "regulator" on your home's water heater. The "dial" on the unit DOES NOT accurately reflect the temperature of the water as delivered.
Tap and bath-water scald burns account for 7% to 17% of all childhood scald burns that require hospitalization. Often the burns are severe and disabling. Toddlers and preschool children are the most frequent victims. In 45% of the injuries, an unsupervised child or a peer turned on the water. In 80% of homes tested unsafe bathtub water temperatures of 130°F or greater were measured, exposing the occupants to the risk of full thickness scalds (3 rd or 4 th degree burns) within 15- 30 seconds of exposure to hot water. Journal of Injury Prevention Study
Temperature and Time to Severe Burns
Water temperature and time for a third degree burn to occur:
155°F 1 second
148°F 2 seconds
140°F 5 seconds
133°F 15 seconds
127°F 1 minute
124°F 3 minutes
120°F 5 minutes
100°F safe temperature for bathing
Source: American Burn Association
Additional Important Information
1. In 2019, local fire departments responded to an estimated 1.3 million fires. These fires caused roughly 3,700 civilian fire deaths and 16,600 reported civilian fire injuries. On average, a fire department responded to a fire somewhere in the
US every 24 seconds in 2019.
One of every five fires occurred in one- or two-family homes, yet these fires caused nearly two-thirds of the civilian fire deaths (65 percent) and more than half of the civilian fire injuries (53 percent). Source: National Fire Protection Association.
2. Each year in the United States, 1.1 million burn injuries require medical attention (American Burn Association, 2002). approximately 4,500 of these people die. Up to 10,000 people in the United States die every year of burn-related infections. Source: CDC
3. Studies have shown that children who live in crowded housing and in families with low socioeconomic status are at higher risk for scald burns. Other related risk factors may include a lack of safe play environments, single and/or young mothers, and poor maternal education.
While the basic principles of scald prevention apply to the general population the additional concerns affecting these high-risk groups (children and older adults, both who have “thinner” skin) must be addressed. Scald injuries result in considerable pain, prolonged treatment, possible lifelong scarring, and even death. Prevention of scald injuries is always preferable to treatment and can be largely accomplished through simple changes in behavior and in the home environment.
Source: American Burn Association
WHO WE ARE.
National Burn prevention day is a comprehensive effort to help fund heroes and angels who work to prevent burn injuries and who help those who have suffered
Click the recipient type you want to help with your donation
Organizations & associations
These groups educate the public and survivors, provide resources to families and survivors, some even provide funds to help. They are national, regional and local. All are amazing. Without them individuals who have suffered, and suffer, would be much worse off. Your donations keep them going.
Improving psyche, self-image, self-esteem, providing support, and much more, are the mission of these places where survivors can go, and be among others who know and understand their situations, and where lifelong friendships are made. Funding is always critical.
The organizations are the leaders in disseminating state of the art prevention methods, and firefighters across the nation, who daily place their own lives at risk, deserve our un-ending standing applause and our help.
Medical Care & burn Centers
Simply, these amazing people save lives. Funding is always critical.